Rear-end collisions occur when an automobile comes up behind a motor vehicle or bicycle and crashes into its back. These collisions can cause a variety of injuries, including whiplash, brain injury, spinal cord injuries, broken bones, and internal organ damage. Rear-end collisions are common in the United States with an estimated 3.2 million rear-end collisions occurring each year.
The injuries caused by rear-end collisions can sometimes be severe. Therefore, you better hire a Portland personal injury attorney as soon as you are involved in such an accident. A personal injury lawyer will also help you easily handle the legal procedures and make sure that the insurance company pays for your medical expenses.
Here are some common injuries sustained in rear-end collisions:
Whiplash is the most common injury caused by a rear-end collision, especially when the speed at which the car was going was low. Whiplash happens because of acceleration and deceleration of the head following a rear-end collision, leading to damage to muscles, ligaments, joints, and tendons. The damage occurs as a result of force and motion in opposite directions.
Spinal cord and nerve damage
In some cases, rear-end collisions may also result in spinal cord damage and nerve damage. This occurs when the force of the impact causes a vertebra to move, compressing the spinal cord or pressing on it. Rear-end collisions may also cause nerve damage when the force of the collision pushes the head against a hard surface.
When the brain is hit directly by a rear-end collision, it is possible to injure it. A brain injury can occur due to sudden and rapid acceleration or deceleration of the head during a rear-end collision, as well as excessive rotation that causes whiplash injuries. In these cases, if you have been involved in a rear-end collision, you need to contact an attorney immediately.
Back injuries are common in rear-end collisions and may involve spinal cord compression, herniated discs, torn ligaments, or muscles in the back. Rear-end collisions may also cause strain to the ligaments and muscles of the back, soft tissue injuries, and weakness.
Reports indicate that it is common for people involved in rear-end collisions to suffer broken bones. Rear-end collisions may cause broken bones when an object hits a person’s head or body after the car is partially stopped or completely stopped by a vehicle in front of it.