Endocrine surgery is used to treat endocrine system problems, notably thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal gland abnormalities. The goal of this procedure is to correct hormone imbalances induced by gland malfunction. There are minimally invasive laparoscopic or robotic-assisted treatments available, as well as open procedures. The procedure has dangers, but the advantages include the resolution of hormone-related disorders. Recovery and prognosis differ, therefore, it is important to visit a doctor for post-operative treatment and any concerns. Visit this page if you need McKinney endocrine surgery.
What happens during the surgery?
The endocrine system is made up of glands that release hormones that govern many bodily activities like development, metabolism, reproduction, and sensory perception. Endocrine surgery focuses on glands such as the adrenal glands, which create cortisol and sex hormones, the parathyroid glands, which regulate calcium and phosphorus levels, and the thyroid gland, which regulates metabolism and energy utilization.
Depending on the endocrine disease, multiple operations may be performed during endocrine surgery, which is conducted under general anesthesia in a hospital or surgical center. These include laparoscopic surgery, which uses small incisions and a laparoscope to remove glands; robotic surgery, which combines robotic and laparoscopic technology for minimally invasive procedures; and open surgery, which uses an incision directly over the gland to remove larger or cancerous tumors.
What are the disorders that are treated?
Common endocrine disorders that may require endocrine surgery include adrenal tumors, adrenocortical carcinoma, Cushing’s syndrome, primary aldosteronism (Conn’s syndrome), pheochromocytoma, hyperparathyroidism, parathyroid adenomas, parathyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism, goiter, Graves’ disease, toxic thyroid nodules, thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (Cowden syndrome), multiple endocrine neoplasias (MEN) syndromes, and neuroendocrine tumors.
What are the types of this kind of surgery?
Adrenalectomy (removal of the adrenal glands), parathyroid surgery (removal of the parathyroid glands), thyroidectomy (removal of the thyroid gland or lobe), and pancreatectomy (removal of part or all of the pancreas) are all examples of endocrine surgery.
What do you need to do before the surgery?
It is critical to follow the surgeon’s recommendations before to endocrine surgery, which may involve fasting, withdrawing certain drugs or supplements, and quitting smoking. Preoperative diagnostics may include blood tests, imaging scans, bronchoscopy, laryngoscopy, needle biopsy, or upper endoscopy/barium swallow to evaluate gland function, tumor size and location, and cancer cell detection.
If you have persistent bruising, swelling, trouble breathing or voice changes, numbness or tingling, or symptoms of infection at the incision site, please consult your healthcare professional.